Trauma relates to direct personal experience of distressing life events such as an accident, violence, assault, emotional, physical, childhood or adult sexual abuse, rape, war, torture and disasters.

If this has happened to you, you may have suffered after-effects which impact upon your sense of safety, wellbeing and control over your life, or which damage your self-esteem and interpersonal relationships.

Many people who have survived traumatic events often find that their views of themselves and/or of other people and the world have changed. They may suffer from stress, anxiety and depression . They may also suffer from phobias or panic attacks and have difficulty with social or work performance.

People who have endured chronic abuse often feel guilty, ashamed and responsible for the abuse. Childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual assault can also contribute to difficulties in sexual relationships.

Feelings of being overwhelmed may lead to activities, which cause further problems such as isolation and addictions.

A holistic approach to trauma, which takes into account the connection between the physical bodily impact and the mental anguish, can be helpful in promoting healing and change.

Talking to a therapist can help to come to terms with what has happened. Integrating a holistic treatment such a Reiki   or  Shamanic Healing help to calm both body and mind and promote a sense of calmness and relaxation.